Topic: Intellectual property

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Federal Court of Appeal issues decision in industry challenge to the PMPRB Patented Medicines Regulations

On December 5, 2022, the Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) upheld the validity of changes to the list of countries used for international reference pricing by the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB). This new schedule of countries, known as the PMPRB11, removes the United States and Switzerland while adding six lower-price jurisdictions.[i] The FCA … Continue reading

PMPRB issues excessive price order on rare disease drug

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) has issued a decision that Procysbi (cysteamine bitartrate) is being sold at an “excessive” price. The PMPRB ordered the manufacturer, Horizon Pharma PLC (Horizon), to reduce its price and pay excess revenues to the Crown. In its decision, the Board applied the Guidelines to determine the price ceiling … Continue reading

24-month stay extended under the PM(NOC) Regulations for late pleadings amendment

In a recent pleadings amendment motion under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations), the Federal Court gave the generic a choice: either (a) abandon proposed new grounds of invalidity or (b) accept that the scheduled trial date will be adjourned, with a commensurate extension of the 24-month statutory stay preventing approval of … Continue reading

Generic not required to address Patent Register when reference innovator drug is no longer marketed in Canada

On August 17, 2022, the Federal Court dismissed applications for judicial review regarding the product-specificity requirements for addressing patents listed on the Patent Register under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). Background This case concerns biosimilar presentations of an AbbVie Corporation and AbbVie Biotechnology Ltd. (collectively, AbbVie) product, HUMIRA (adalimumab), sought to … Continue reading

PMPRB round-up: report on current reforms

In this post, we summarize the current status of reforms to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB). These reforms commenced with August 2019 amendments to the Patented Medicines Regulations (the Amendments) and accompanying changes to the Board’s Guidelines. Background of the proposed reforms The Amendments were intended to lower the prices of patented medicines … Continue reading

ONCA Confirms Generics Limited to Section 8 Damages in the Face of an Innovator’s Legitimate Exercise of Rights under the PM(NOC) Regulations

On August 16, 2022, the Ontario Court of Appeal (ONCA) released its decision in Apotex Inc. v. Eli Lilly Canada Inc., 2022 ONCA 587.  The ONCA denied Apotex’s appeal of a lower court summary judgement decision that dismissed Apotex’s novel claims under the UK and Ontario Statutes of Monopolies, the Trademarks Act, and at common law (see … Continue reading

Federal Court of Appeal upholds decision invalidating claims to multiple sclerosis treatment regimen

The Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) has dismissed appeals concerning two actions brought under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (Regulations), confirming the Federal Court (FC) holding that claims to uses of the molecule fampridine were invalid. The FCA’s decision provides guidance on claims construction and analyzing obviousness, while pointedly refusing to endorse the FC’s … Continue reading

FCA upholds selection patent protecting apixaban and rejects that a second patented invention was obvious to try

The Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) has dismissed an appeal concerning four actions related to the molecule apixaban under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (Regulations). The Federal Court (FC) found the patents at issue to be valid. Background Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada Co. (BMS) markets ELIQUIS® (apixaban) in Canada for the treatment of thrombosis. … Continue reading

2022 Guide to Canada’s Pharmaceutical Intellectual Property Regime

Our 2022 Guide to Canada’s Pharmaceutical Intellectual Property Regime is a convenient all-in-one reference to the important legal and regulatory regimes governing pharmaceuticals in Canada. The Guide provides a detailed review of the key regimes, including: Data protection market exclusivity; The Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (PMNOC), linking generic market access to patent rights; … Continue reading

Federal Court finds generic would induce infringement of combination therapy patent

The Federal Court has allowed a second infringement action concerning a macitentan product under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). The Court found that the defendant would induce infringement of claims relating to combination treatment if it were allowed to market its macitentan product. Background Janssen Inc. markets OPSUMIT® (macitentan) to treat patients … Continue reading

Federal Court finds a combination therapy patent valid and infringed

The Federal Court has allowed an infringement action concerning a macitentan product under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). The Court dismissed allegations that the asserted patent claims were invalid for obviousness, lack of utility, overbreadth, and insufficiency of disclosure. Background Janssen Inc. (Janssen) markets OPSUMIT® in Canada for the treatment of pulmonary arterial … Continue reading

Overview of IP Law in Canada – The Intellectual Property Review, 11th Edition

The recently published Eleventh Edition of the Intellectual Property Review (the Review) includes a Canadian chapter. Readers are invited to learn more on the various forms of IP protection available in Canada, and highlights of important changes in Canadian IP law over the past year. The chapter was authored by members of the Pharma in Brief team. The chapter … Continue reading

Federal Court finds salt patent valid in a PM(NOC) action regarding sitagliptin

The Federal Court has allowed an infringement action concerning sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate products under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). The Court dismissed allegations of obviousness and insufficiency, and it found the asserted claims to be valid and infringed. In reaching its decision, the Court provided substantive guidance on hearsay evidence in infringement … Continue reading

Federal Court sends NOC dispute concerning data protection provisions back to the Minister for a second redetermination

The Federal Court (FC) has granted an application for judicial review involving the data protection provisions in section C.08.004.1 of the Food and Drug Regulations in a case involving new drug submissions (NDSs) for two different amifampridine products. This is the second time that the FC has set aside a decision to issue a notice … Continue reading

Federal Court rejects motion for summary judgment in Canadian patent infringement case following voluntary dismissal of parallel US litigation

In a recently released decision, the Federal Court (FC) considered what happens when a patent infringement plaintiff agrees to resolve a dispute in a foreign jurisdiction, but continues to press parallel litigation against the same defendant in Canada. In this case, the defendant sought summary judgment based on the terms of a voluntary dismissal between the … Continue reading

Federal Court finds patent valid, but rejects infringement claims in a PM(NOC) action regarding risedronate

The Federal Court has decided an infringement action concerning risedronate products under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). The Court dismissed allegations of anticipation based on prior art, as well as arguments that the asserted claims were invalid due to lack of demonstrated utility, insufficiency of disclosure, and/or overbreadth. However, the Court … Continue reading

Federal Court finds inducement of infringement at summary trial under the PM(NOC) Regulations

The Federal Court has confirmed that issues of infringement, including by inducement, may be decided by summary trial in an infringement action under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations (the Regulations). The Court rejected the Defendant’s attempt to avoid infringement based on the scope of its abbreviated new drug submission and product monograph (PM). … Continue reading

FCA upholds patent validity, rejects argument that a soundly predicted invention must be obvious

The Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) has affirmed a decision of the Federal Court (FC) finding that a patent concerning glatiramer acetate (GA) is valid and would be infringed under the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations. Background As we previously reported, the FC decision concerned allegations by Teva Canada Innovation and Teva Canada Limited … Continue reading

Pharma in Brief: The 2021 Year in Review

In this article, the Pharma in Brief team has curated and provided updates on the most significant topics we covered in 2021. Introduction In 2021, governments advanced major policy initiatives aimed at the COVID-19 pandemic and broader health priorities. These policy initiatives included reforms to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB), the Patented Medicines … Continue reading

PMPRB Update: further-delayed implementation of Patented Medicines Regulations amendments and new Guidelines

Changes to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) regime, contained in pending amendments to the Patented Medicines Regulations, have been delayed until July 1, 2022. These amendments form the basis for new PMPRB Guidelines. The PMPRB has updated its website to indicate that the new Guidelines will be in place as of the coming-into-force … Continue reading

PMPRB will not proceed with proposed July 15, 2021 changes to its new Guidelines

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) has announced that it will not proceed with changes to its new Guidelines that were proposed in a July 15, 2021 Notice and Comment. As we reported, these changes would have affected the definition of “Gap” medicine, references to the PMPRB11 basket of comparator countries, and the price … Continue reading

Federal Court finds Minister of Health’s refusal to grant CSP based on the “Timely Submission Requirement” unreasonable

SUMMARY The Federal Court has granted Merck Canada Inc.’s (Merck) application for judicial review of a decision of the Minister of Health (Minister) denying a Certificate of Supplementary Protection (CSP) for Canadian Patent No. 2,670,892 (892 Patent) and the drug BELSOMRA (suvorexant). BACKGROUND A CSP provides patent-like rights and is intended to compensate patentees for … Continue reading

Canada seeks leave to appeal to the Supreme Court in PMPRB excessive-pricing case

The Attorney General of Canada has sought leave to appeal to the Supreme Court in an excessive-pricing case regarding the drug SOLIRIS. As we reported, Alexion Pharmaceuticals Inc. was successful before the Federal Court of Appeal in an application for judicial review of a 2017 PMPRB decision finding that Alexion had sold SOLIRIS at an … Continue reading

ONSC dismisses Apotex’s second monopolies action

The Ontario Superior Court of Justice has released the second decision in a series of summary judgment motions relating to Apotex’s claims against innovative drug companies under various causes of action pursued above and beyond the section 8 damages regime in the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations. In Apotex Inc. v. Pfizer Ireland Pharmaceuticals, … Continue reading
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